Bhutan and Belgium established diplomatic relations on 21 January 2009. Belgium is the first country with which Bhutan established diplomatic relations after becoming a parliamentary democracy in 2008. The Royal Government of Bhutan established a resident Embassy in Brussels in 2009 with concurrent accreditation to Denmark, Finland, Netherlands, Sweden, Spain and the European Union.
The Ambassador of the Royal Bhutanese Embassy in Brussels is accredited to Belgium. H.E. Mr. Francois Delhaye, Ambassador of Belgium to India, is concurrently accredited to Bhutan.
Between 1992 and 2005, Bhutan received training offers from Belgium in regional planning, water resources management, development of small and medium enterprises, tourism marketing, and general electrician courses.
There is collaboration in higher education between the universities of the two countries through Erasmus+ programme to learn from each other in education and research training, explore areas of joint cooperation in research activities, lectures and seminars. The two countries have been collaborating through the European Union.